When mentioning a gifted child, one quickly thinks of a child of only twelve years old who already speaks thirty different languages. However, there are various definitions of giftedness. And how do you deal with a gifted child in primary school?
Definition of giftedness
There is no clear definition of giftedness. One often speaks about giftedness when a very high score has been achieved on an intelligence test (such as an IQ score of 130 or higher). In addition, the child already has good intellectual skills at a young age and can remember things immensely well. They also often excel in solving problems and have various talents (for example in sports or music). Obviously should not be forgotten that every child is different, that also applies in this case. Whether a child is gifted is determined by a person who is authorized for this purpose, such as a child psychologist.
Characteristics of giftedness
In young children, giftedness can be seen in a number of ways. Gifted children stand out for the high level of curiosity, factual knowledge and skills in comparison with their peers. Their intelligence sometimes causes them not to be interested in peers or even to find them childish. This may result in them making few friends and being excluded by their classmates in school. They possibly attract more to adults. It can also happen that they, despite their intelligence, underperform or show annoying behaviour. They show this behaviour because they are bored or want to belong to the group.
The school can challenge the children by giving the course material at a high pace, expanding the courses or going deeper into the subjects. They can also offer additional work in the form of more exercises or assignments. Also, the children could create projects of interesting subjects in which they can express their creativity and knowledge. This all, so that the children will not get bored, remain challenged and can extend their knowledge.
It is also important that social skills are taught in order to promote contact and interaction with peers. In addition, it is up to parents to let their child participate in after-school activities, such as practicing a sport or playing an instrument, in order to let their child develop further.